Seismic instruments: article

Improvements in the high-precision tiltmeter instrument systems located in the underground geophysical observatory
V.V. Gravirov A.V. Deshcherevskii Y.O. Kuzmin D.V. Likhodeev
A.L. Sobisevich I.A. Shirokov
Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Science
Journal: Seismic instruments
Tome: 58
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Pages: 29-52
UDK: 550.34
DOI: 10.21455/si2022.1-2
Keywords: tiltmeters, underground geophysical observatory, high-precision monitoring, time series, data processing, signal level jumps, Earth tides, ABD software package
Аnnotation: The results of both theoretical and experimental studies carried out in frames of the complex problem on im-proving national systems for high-precision instrumental systems observations on the basis of the IPE RAS’s Geophysical Observatory in Northern Caucasus are presented. The geophysical observatory is located in the vi-cinity of the Elbrus volcano in a deep underground tunnel of the Baksan Neutrino Observatory governed by the INR RAS. Along with the general information about the underground laboratory, the metrologically significant characteristics of the main instrument – the two-component tiltmeter – are being presented, as well as the sys-tem for data acquisition, processing and storage. Influence of natural and technogeneous disturbances upon the results of interpretation of both tidal harmonics and other long-period variations are estimated via the developed technique for minimization of the influence of a separate class of disturbances; also an express assessment of the amplitude of the observed tide is carried out.