Geophysical research: article

G.N. Antonovskaya 1 K.B. Danilov 1 I.M. Basakina 1 N.Yu. Afonin 1 N.K. Kapustian 1,2
1 N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences 2 Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences
Journal: Geophysical research
Tome: 24
Number: 3
Year: 2023
Pages: 5-29
UDK: 550.34
DOI: 10.21455/gr2023.3-1
Full text
Keywords: microseisms, passive seismic methods, frequency range, deep structure, fractures, environment destruction.
Аnnotation: Using experimental examples, the article presents an analysis of the possibilities of a set of passive seismic methods for studying the geological structure of the upper part of the earth's crust in comparison with active methods. The complex of passive seismic methods includes: the microseismic sounding method, the Nakamura method (HVSR), seismic interferometry, for technogenic sites – vibration probing by a technogenic source. Three cases are considered: a platform tectonic earthquake zone, a kimberlite pipe, a hydroelectric dam with its site. The consent of the results of using passive and active seismic methods is shown, while the former gives a “blurred” position of horizontal boundaries but are effective in detaching near-vertical inhomogeneities. The complex of passive seismic methods is effective for reconnaissance survey, hard-to-reach areas or where it is difficult to deploy observation systems using active methods. It allows simultaneous processing of the received seismic record by different passive methods. In addition, when conducting research, this complex allows the use of a small number of sensors – at least two.
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